A speaker on the stage that enables performers to hear themselves and to hear what the other musicians are playing on stage.
A reference voltage level or maximum average level that should not be exceeded in normal operation.
An unwanted sound wave pattern that often occurs when the sound wave bounces between two reflective parallel surfaces in a room, and the reflected waves interfere with the initial wave coming from the sound source, in which the combined wavelength of the affected frequency is effectively the length of the room. This creates the audible illusion that the wave is standing still, so the frequency is amplified to an unwanted level in certain parts of the room while nearly absent in others. Standing waves are most common in square or rectangular rooms with parallel surfaces, so acoustic designers try to prevent these waves by installing absorptive materials or introducing other items to offset the parallel surfaces.
A setting in a sequencer or DAW in which notes are input manually, one note or step at a time.
A recording or reproduction of at least two channels where positioning of instrument sounds left to right can be perceived.
The audible perception of stereo, in which different sounds sources appear to be coming from far left, far right or any place in between.
Placement of two or more mics so that their outputs combine to create a stereo image.
To put away equipment and clean up after a recording session.
Additional information bits that are recorded alongside digital audio, used for control and playback purposes.
A unit smaller than one frame in SMPTE time code.
A number of input channels on a console that can be controlled and adjusted as a single set before sending the combined signal to the master output. Sometimes also called “Submix,” “Bus” or just “Group.”
The fader which controls the combined level of sound from several channels during mixdown or recording.
An old-school method of sound synthesis in which sounds are designed and created by generating harmonically rich waveforms, then filtering out unwanted harmonics to arrive at the desired sound.
A signal that is the mix of the two stereo channels at equal level and in phase.